wind turbine

Articles About wind turbine


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Webinar: Advanced Mainshaft Bearing Solutions for Wind Turbines

Mainshaft bearings inside wind turbines are subjected to extremely harsh operating conditions that result in failure patterns which include surface-initiated fatigue, abrasive wear and uneven internal load distribution. This webinar will introduce you to the latest engineering advancements in spherical roller bearing design, including solutions that allow potentially damaging thrust to be safely transferred through the bearing to the housing support. The resulting reduction in torque, friction and heat significantly improves the overall efficiency of the system, thereby enabling the wind turbine to generate more power – more reliably! Webinar Courtesy of Schaeffler
www.powertransmission.com/sc/schaeffler-wind-turbine-bearings/

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1 Investigations of Bearing Failures Associated with White Etching Areas (WEAs) in Wind Turbine Gearboxes (March 2014)

A critical problem for wind turbine gearboxes is failure of rolling element bearings where axial cracks form on the inner rings. This article presents field experience from operating wind turbines that compares the performance of through-hardened and carburized materials. It reveals that through-hardened bearings develop WEA/WECs and fail with axial cracks, whereas carburized bearings do not. The field experience further shows that a carburized bearing with a core having low carbon content, high nickel content, greater compressive residual stresses, and a higher amount of retained austenite provides higher fracture resistance and makes carburized bearings more durable than through-hardened bearings in the wind turbine environment.

2 Gear Lubrication: Long-Term Protection for Wind Turbines (April 2014)

The chemical and physical properties of gear oils may change, depending - more or less - upon their formulation and the environmental conditions under which they are used. This is why - after three years of use in a wind turbine - a gear oil was examined to determine if indeed changes were evident and if the protection of the gears and rolling bearings still met the same requirements as would be expected of fresh oil. Our findings revealed that the existing gear oil - as well as its ability to protect the gears and rolling bearings - had degraded very little compared to fresh oil.

3 FZG Gearboxes Lubricated with Different Formulations of Polyalphaolefin Wind Turbine Gear Oils (August 2016)

In order to analyze the different gear oils suitable for the lubrication of wind turbine gearboxes, five fully formulated ISO VG 320 gear oils were selected. In between the selected gear oils, four PAO base oils can be found: PAOR, PAOM, PAOC and PAOX. A mineral-based oil (MINR) was also included as reference.

4 Modular Control Systems for Wind Energy (August 2016)

For a 5-megawatt wind turbine prototype, aerodyn employs the latest control and software technologies, including a comprehensive PC-based control solution and the new modular TwinCAT Wind Framework. The TwinCAT Wind Framework features the latest software engineering and Big Data applications to extend current Industry 4.0 concepts to the wind energy industry. The modular software supports, for example, the direct provision of sensor data to the operator’s database, and in general enables the easy adaption of the wind turbine operation management to future requirements.

5 Wind Turbine Field and Test Rig Testing as Part of the Design Process for Gearboxes (September 2014)

The growth of worldwide energy consumption and emerging industrial markets demands an increase of renewable energy shares. The price pressure coming from coal, oil, nuclear and natural gas energy - combined with enormous worldwide production capacities for components of wind turbines - make wind energy a highly competitive market. The testing and validation of gearboxes within the test rig and the turbine environment attract a strong focus to the needs of the industry. The following contribution sums up the typical process requirements and provides examples for successful system and component verifications based on field measurements.

6 Considerations for Gearmaking in Wind Turbine Applications (June 2010)

A Q&A with N.K. Chinnusamy, president of Excel Gear of Roscoe, IL.

7 High-Capacity Bearings Carry the Load for Chinese Gearbox Manufacturer (December 2008)

Th e signing of a contract for more than 5,000 sets of SKF’s latest high-capacity cylindrical roller bearings (HCCRB) for wind turbines will impart added load-carrying capacity, more reliability and longer life to the Nanjing Gear Company’s (NGC) line of gearboxes for wind generation applications.

8 Old Tricks for New Dogs (June 2008)

The latest developments for wind turbines from Voith Wind rely on proven technologies.

9 Baby Steps in Wind Energy (August 2015)

The Department of Energy estimates that 4 million megawatts of potential power—four times the amount all U.S. power plants combined currently produce—exists in offshore wind energy. Construction of America’s first offshore wind turbines began in July. The wind farm, which is being constructed off the coast of Block Island, RI, will consist of five turbines. Together, they will produce 30 MW.

10 How to Get the Most Realistic Efficiency Calculation for Gearboxes (April 2015)

In recent years the estimation of gearbox power loss is attracting more interest — especially in the wind turbine and automotive gearbox industry — but also in industrial gearboxes where heat dissipation is a consideration as well. As new transmissions concepts are being researched to meet both ecological and commercial demands, a quick and reliable estimation of overall efficiency becomes inevitable in designing the optimal gearbox.

11 Wind Pushing Future of Mechanical Components (April 2015)

After a sluggish 2013, annual installations of new wind turbines grew by 44% in 2014, according to the Global Wind Energy Council. And while much of that growth has been in Asia— particularly China, which now leads the world with 114 GW of installed capacity—the USA, Europe, and the rest of the world expect steady growth for the next couple of years as well (Fig. 1).

12 Capacity--And the Lack of It--Rules (February 2008)

U.S. wind turbine growth puts a new spin on bearing manufacture.

13 How to Deal With Growing Pains (December 2018)

Wind turbines are getting bigger than ever, and the manufacturing infrastructure that facilitates their construction needs to start growing with them.

14 Momentum in Wind Power (April 2018)

Coming off of a stellar 2017 for the wind power industry, Wind Power 2018 is all about carrying that momentum forward.

15 Analyzing Wind Power (August 2016)

Wind is a form of solar energy. Winds are caused by the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun, the irregularities of the earth’s surface, and rotation of the earth. Wind Turbines convert the kinetic energy in wind into mechanical power.

16 Sensing the Motion: Rotary Position Sensors (August 2010)

This paper provides an overview of the more common position sensor options and references actual case studies to illustrate the diverse solutions available and the reasons behind some of the decisions. Three cases are used to illustrate the needs of different applications leading to the choice of a particular type of position sensor. The cases reviewed include a gantry crane, wind turbine and aerial cable car.

17 Quiet Out There - Global Industrial Outlook (August 2013)

Since our last appearance in this space we've attended the Paris Air Show and met with companies involved in oil production, hydraulic fracturing and wind turbine towers and components. As an investment analyst I am always seeking to help my clients anticipate change in order to manage risk and capture alpha (positive returns relative to market). But as a regular columnist for Power Transmission Engineering, I also seek insights that can help your organization do the same. Here is what we've found...

18 Finite Element Evaluation of Bearing Instrumentation Method (December 2014)

This paper presents an evaluation of measurements being taken on a 750 kW wind turbine gearbox being tested by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). High-speed stage gears and bearings have been identified as critical components of the gearbox; during gearbox testing, these components were instrumented and tests were developed to evaluate loads on high-speed tapered roller bearings (TRBs). In this paper an advanced finite element-based contact modeling procedure has been applied to model the high-speed stage with the bearings fully modeled in order to evaluate strain levels. A major conclusion is that the strains of the slotted grooves are at such a level that they have acceptable signal-to-noise levels. This was verified by the results of the initial experiments presented here.

19 AWEA to Wind Supporters--Do Not Panic (December 2010)

Despite posting its slowest quarter since early 2007, AWEA remains optimistic that the wind industry can and will work successfully with the revolving doors in Washington.

20 Frictionless, Magnetic Gears and Couplings Gain Traction (February 2010)

The Magnetic Gearing and Turbine Corp. (MGT), founded by Australian inventor Andrew French in 2000, manufactures injection molded gears and couplings based entirely on magnetic technology. The repulsive magnetic forces are used to transmit power without losing any energy, and drive shafts rotate completely independently of each other.

21 Product News (February 2010)

The complete Product News section from the February 2010 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.

22 U.S. Wind Power Blowing Hot as New Installations Flourish (October 2017)

A look at recent installations, plus interviews with some wind industry insiders.

23 Premature Bearing Failures in Wind Gearboxes and White Etching Cracks (October 2014)

Wind turbine gearboxes are subjected to a wide variety of operating conditions, some of which may push the bearings beyond their limits. Damage may be done to the bearings, resulting in a specific premature failure mode known as white etching cracks (WEC), sometimes called brittle, short-life, early, abnormal or white structured flaking (WSF). Measures to make the bearings more robust in these operating conditions are discussed in this article.

24 Rewind Seminar Jump Starts Motor, Generator Know-How (June 2008)

Calling on engineers and maintenance power plant personnel, industrial users of low- and medium-voltage motors and generators and motor repair shop staff...

25 Run Like the Wind - Windpower Conference Heads to Chicago (April 2009)

Wind is the talk of the town. It has become especially relevant to the power transmission community where bearings, gears, couplings, motors and gearboxes are providing the equipment for this thriving alternative energy industry. It comes as no surprise that the Windpower 2009 Conference and Exhibition, arriving in Chicago from May 4–7, will be the largest gathering of wind energy professionals and technologies to date.

26 Michigan Eyes Investment at AWEA Small and Community Wind Conference (December 2009)

The first trade show dedicated specifically to small and community wind took place in Detroit, Michigan November 3–5. Denise Bode, American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) CEO, was pleased with the turnout for the event and the increasing potential for this segment of the wind energy market.

27 Coastal Question Marks (October 2010)

Does the U.S. renewable energy solution lie offshore? An update on the status of offshore wind projects.

28 Doubling Down and Forging Ahead (April 2017)

After getting positive feedback on changes made to the show last year, AWEA Wind Power is doubling down and taking their ongoing transformation even further.

News Items About wind turbine

1 Zero Max Expands Wind Turbine Couplings (February 3, 2011)
Zero-Max, Inc. recently announced the expansion of its wind turbine couplings covering a broad range of wind turbine applications. Z...

2 Romax and Hansen Sign Agreement for Wind Turbine Services (September 24, 2010)
Romax Technology, a drivetrain and gearbox solutions specialist, and Hansen Transmissions International NV, a wind turbine gearbox design...

3 Modular Bearing System Standardizes Wind Turbine Applications (June 7, 2010)
Austrian bearing manufacturer NKE introduces modular bearing systems for planetary gears in wind turbine gearboxes that offer the advan...

4 Moventas Launches Wind Turbine Condition Management System (May 24, 2007)
Moventas introduced its latest wind turbine condition management system at Hannover Messe 2007. The system focuses on the gearbox and a...

5 Moventas Receives Order for Mass Deliveries of Wind Turbine Gears to Acciona (January 14, 2006)
Moventas signed a supply agreement for substantial deliveries of wind turbine gearbo...

6 SKF’s New Cylindrical Roller Bearings Extend Wind Turbine Gearbox Life (April 11, 2006)
New SKF high-capacity cylindrical roller bearings for wind turbine gearboxes have been engineered to promote longer gearbox service life...

7 ZF Opens First U.S. Plant for Wind Turbine Gearboxes (October 4, 2011)
ZF Friedrichshafen AG has opened a plant for the production of wind turbine gearboxes in Gainesville near Atlanta, Georgia. As of 2012, t...

8 Mayr Provides Maintenance-Free Brakes for Wind Turbines (February 21, 2012)
The application of safety brakes in wind turbine pitch drives requires extremely conscientious dimensioning and precise knowledge of brak...

9 Zero-Max Wind Turbine Couplings Easily Handle Torque Spikes and Misalignment (October 10, 2016)
Zero-Max Wind Turbine Couplings are now available as an upgrade replacement for existing wind turbines and for OEM applications.Proven an...

10 Zero-Max Wind Turbine Torque Limiters Protect Against Peak Loads (October 17, 2016)
Zero-Max Wind Turbine Torque Limiters protect wind turbine gearboxes and generators against peak loads, reversing torques, and grid short...

11 Renishaw Offers Encoders for Wind Turbine Bearings (December 20, 2012)
Blade pitch adjustment is one of the most critical functions of wind turbine operation, and the giant bearings in the adjustment mechanis...

12 Floating Wind Turbine Tested in United States (December 18, 2012)
The first ever floating wind turbine in the United States is now in the process of being tested by engineers from the University of Mai...

13 Moog Introduces New Pitch Control Slip Ring for Wind Turbines (October 20, 2016)
Moog Components Group Limited, a division of Moog Inc., has announced the introduction of a new pitch control slip ring. The EPA3 slip ri...

14 GE Energy Partners with Chinese Co. To Develop Wind Turbine Gearboxes (April 22, 2006)
GE Energy and Nanjing High Speed & Accurate Gear Company (NGC) have agreed to jointly develop gearboxes for GE's 1.5-megawatt wind tu...

15 Drive and Control Technology for Wind Turbines Brochure Published by Bosch Rexroth (April 27, 2009)
Rexroth announces a new brochure, Drive & Control Technology for Wind Turbines, highlighting its industrial hydraulics technology dev...

16 Innovative Drivetrain Testing for Wind Turbines Nears Completion (April 11, 2016)
Wind energy researchers have entered the final phase of testing a next-generation drivetrain—made up of the components of a wind tu...

17 Renk AG Offers Intelligent Solutions for Wind Turbines (October 12, 2018)
At WindEnergy 2018 in Hamburg, Renk AG presented two product innovations with the EQ-Gear gearbox and the EQ-Flex couplings. The gearbo...

18 SKF Develops Wind Turbine Inspection System (March 23, 2016)
SKF has developed the SKF Enlight mobile and cloud based data collection, analysis and support system to suit the needs of the global win...

19 Bosch Rexroth Optimizes Wind Turbine Gearboxes (August 27, 2012)
The competitive pressure as well as the pricing pressure in the wind energy industry is mounting. If the sector wants to continue to expa...

20 IQwind and Guascor Partner to Commercialize Variable IQGear Technology for Wind Turbines (September 10, 2009)
IQwind and Guascor announced that they will partner to commercialize and bring to market the IQGear, a high efficiency variable gearbox f...