Articles About wind power
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Coming off of a stellar 2017 for the wind power industry, Wind Power 2018 is all about carrying that momentum forward.
A look at recent installations, plus interviews with some wind industry insiders.
The first trade show dedicated specifically to small and community wind took place in Detroit, Michigan November 3â“5. Denise Bode, American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) CEO, was pleased with the turnout for the event and the increasing potential for this segment of the wind energy market.
After getting positive feedback on changes made to the show last year, AWEA Wind Power is doubling down and taking their ongoing transformation even further.
Wind is a form of solar energy. Winds are caused by the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun, the irregularities of the earthâ™s surface, and rotation of the earth. Wind Turbines convert the kinetic energy in wind into mechanical power.
After a sluggish 2013, annual installations of new wind turbines grew by 44% in 2014, according to the Global Wind Energy Council. And while much of that growth has been in Asiaâ” particularly China, which now leads the world with 114 GW of installed capacityâ”the USA, Europe, and the rest of the world expect steady growth for the next couple of years as well (Fig. 1).
Wind is the talk of the town. It has become especially relevant to the power transmission community where bearings, gears, couplings, motors and gearboxes are providing the equipment for this thriving alternative energy industry. It comes as no surprise that the Windpower 2009 Conference and Exhibition, arriving in Chicago from May 4â“7, will be the largest gathering of wind energy professionals and technologies to date.
In recent years the estimation of gearbox power loss is attracting more interest â” especially in the wind turbine and automotive gearbox industry â” but also in industrial gearboxes where heat dissipation is a consideration as well. As new transmissions concepts are being researched to meet both ecological and commercial demands, a quick and reliable estimation of overall efficiency becomes inevitable in designing the optimal gearbox.
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A thermo-mechanical model of a splash lubricated one-stage gear unit is presented. This system corresponds to a first step towards the design of a hybrid vehicle gearbox that can operate up to 40,000 rpm on its primary shaft. The numerical model is based on the thermal network method and takes into account power losses due to teeth friction, rolling-elements bearings and oil churning. Some calculations underline that oil churning causes a high amount of power loss. A simple method to reduce this source of power losses is presented, and its influence on the gear unit efficiency and its thermal capacity is computed.
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The world is full-on automated. From our factories to our vehicles to our leisurely activities, the future is now and itâ™s nothing but algorithms, robotics and hands-free operation. It comes as no surprise that a 2016 Google search brings a fair amount of technology gone awry. The following examples donâ™t scare us (theyâ™re actually quite fascinating) but they probably should worry us a little bitâ¦
Weâ™ve recently completed a major redesign of the powertransmission. com website. I know what youâ™re thinking. Big deal, right? Websites are redesigned every day. Itâ™s not really news. Youâ™re right, of course. Weâ™re in the news business, and when companies send us press releases about their newly redesigned websites, our first instinct as editors is to respond the same way. So what. Big deal. Moving on.
Engineers are often challenged with the seemingly impossible task of doing more with less. Customers want more power transmitted in a smaller space, they want more efficient designs, and, of course, they want to spend less money. So engineers are always looking for ways to squeeze the most out of their mechanical systems. Theyâ™re constantly working to maximize power density, increase energy efficiency and reduce costs to meet their customersâ™ needs.
Heaven help Mr. Deane were he around today. In our non-stop world of transportation & transport technology, for at least the past decade it is without question the electric car that has drawn most of the attention
We're pleased to present the first-ever March issue of Power Transmission Engineering.
He was out. Nine years ago, Ross Rivard left the coupling industry for the shimmering new world of luxury automotive components at Lacks Enterprises, where he was immediately enveloped by platinum trim systems and chrome composite wheels. It was glitz and glam and as sparkly clean as the fresh-fromthe-dealership cars his products were embellished onto.
A wide variety of companies displayed mechanical power transmission and motion control technologies at Pack Expo, held in November in Chicago. The event, which is the largest packaging and processing trade show in North America, attracted more than 48,000 attendees, according to show owner and producer PMMI. The four-day event included 2,352 exhibiting companies, an increase of more than 19 percent from the previous show in 2012.
In the 1984 film Ghostbusters, Bill Murray and company were asked by Gozer the Gozerian to "choose the form" of their destructor. It was a no-win scenario for the heroes, because no matter what they chose, they were still going to face death
End users and OEMs frequently specify "lubed-for-life" mounted bearings, thinking the lubed-for-life bearings will deliver the same life â” without lubrication â” as bearings that currently require periodic lubrication. The truth is it depends on many factors, and only a detailed review of the application and testing will provide a more accurate answer.
One of the best things about being a journalist â” whether for example it be reporting on manufacturing, politics, show business, or anything else â” is being paid to âœgo to schoolâ and learning about any number of things that you were perhaps ignorant of at the outset.
"For your safety, please keep your hands, arms and legs inside the vehicle at all times."
Fans, blowers and other funny loads are addressend, along with RMS Horsepower loading.
Highlights from some of the gear, gear drive, power transmission component, software, materials and related exhibitors at Gear Expo 2017.
With Thanksgiving right around the corner, it's hard not to think of the smorgasbord most of us experience on America's most food-centric holiday. If your family celebrates like mine, then there's always plenty of food—and more importantly—plenty of choices.
The complete Industry News section from the October 2017 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.
In the process of applying industrial drive products, we occasionally are misled into believing that we are applying horsepower. The real driving force is not horsepower - it is torque. This paper is developed to impart a deeper understanding of torque, its relationship to horsepower, and the types of loads we most frequently encounter.
Fluid Power, Motion Control and Power Transmission Industries Come Together in Las Vegas to Promote New Solutions.
When trying to find a new bonding material dispense system, one manufacturer tested a series of pumps â” all of which leaked due to the abrasiveness of the bonding material. The manufacturer also had been attempting to manage shot size manually with their previous system, and was not able to keep dispense consistent. The company searched for a system that could accurately dispense programmed shot sizes while also eliminating the leaking issues they had experienced with previous pumps. Graco provided a Check-Mate pump with SmartWare software, and the manufacturer is now able to automatically dispense shots of bonding material as small as one ounce without leaks.
Latest Sealing Technologies Offer Optimum Wear and Frictional Characteristics.
Action Challenge Introduces Students to Fluid Power Industry in the latest STEM educational effort from the National Fluid Power Association.
IFPE offers the right balance of technology and education.
Amps, Watts, Power Factor and Efficiency; Approximate Load Data from Amperage Readings; Power Factor Correction on Single-Induction Motors.
Just over 10 years ago, we started publishing Power Transmission Engineering, and I'm proud to say we're still going strong.
Smart actuators bring big benefits to utility and other off-highway vehicles
The chemical and physical properties of gear oils may change, depending - more or less - upon their formulation and the environmental conditions under which they are used. This is why - after three years of use in a wind turbine - a gear oil was examined to determine if indeed changes were evident and if the protection of the gears and rolling bearings still met the same requirements as would be expected of fresh oil. Our findings revealed that the existing gear oil - as well as its ability to protect the gears and rolling bearings - had degraded very little compared to fresh oil.
A critical problem for wind turbine gearboxes is failure of rolling element bearings where axial cracks form on the inner rings. This article presents field experience from operating wind turbines that compares the performance of through-hardened and carburized materials. It reveals that through-hardened bearings develop WEA/WECs and fail with axial cracks, whereas carburized bearings do not. The field experience further shows that a carburized bearing with a core having low carbon content, high nickel content, greater compressive residual stresses, and a higher amount of retained austenite provides higher fracture resistance and makes carburized bearings more durable than through-hardened bearings in the wind turbine environment.
The growth of worldwide energy consumption and emerging industrial markets demands an increase of renewable energy shares. The price pressure coming from coal, oil, nuclear and natural gas energy - combined with enormous worldwide production capacities for components of wind turbines - make wind energy a highly competitive market. The testing and validation of gearboxes within the test rig and the turbine environment attract a strong focus to the needs of the industry. The following contribution sums up the typical process requirements and provides examples for successful system and component verifications based on field measurements.
Wind turbine gearboxes are subjected to a wide variety of operating conditions, some of which may push the bearings beyond their limits. Damage may be done to the bearings, resulting in a specific premature failure mode known as white etching cracks (WEC), sometimes called brittle, short-life, early, abnormal or white structured flaking (WSF). Measures to make the bearings more robust in these operating conditions are discussed in this article.
The Department of Energy estimates that 4 million megawatts of potential powerâ”four times the amount all U.S. power plants combined currently produceâ”exists in offshore wind energy. Construction of Americaâ™s first offshore wind turbines began in July. The wind farm, which is being constructed off the coast of Block Island, RI, will consist of five turbines. Together, they will produce 30 MW.
Despite posting its slowest quarter since early 2007, AWEA remains optimistic that the wind industry can and will work successfully with the revolving doors in Washington.
Does the U.S. renewable energy solution lie offshore? An update on the status of offshore wind projects.
The latest developments for wind turbines from Voith Wind rely on proven technologies.
U.S. wind turbine growth puts a new spin on bearing manufacture.
Calling on engineers and maintenance power plant personnel, industrial users of low- and medium-voltage motors and generators and motor repair shop staff...
Th e signing of a contract for more than 5,000 sets of SKFâ™s latest high-capacity cylindrical roller bearings (HCCRB) for wind turbines will impart added load-carrying capacity, more reliability and longer life to the Nanjing Gear Companyâ™s (NGC) line of gearboxes for wind generation applications.
A Q&A with N.K. Chinnusamy, president of Excel Gear of Roscoe, IL.
For a 5-megawatt wind turbine prototype, aerodyn employs the latest control and software technologies, including a comprehensive PC-based control solution and the new modular TwinCAT Wind Framework. The TwinCAT Wind Framework features the latest software engineering and Big Data applications to extend current Industry 4.0 concepts to the wind energy industry. The modular software supports, for example, the direct provision of sensor data to the operatorâ™s database, and in general enables the easy adaption of the wind turbine operation management to future requirements.
In order to analyze the different gear oils suitable for the lubrication of wind turbine gearboxes, five fully formulated ISO VG 320 gear oils were selected. In between the selected gear oils, four PAO base oils can be found: PAOR, PAOM, PAOC and PAOX. A mineral-based oil (MINR) was also included as reference.
Managing Editor Randy Stott explains the recent updates and improvements to the website.
You may have noticed that the magazine looks different this issue. The new look is part of an overall effort to refine our focus. We wanted to make clear to potential subscribers and advertisers how this magazine is different, why its content is important and where it fits in the marketplace.
The complete Product News section from the February 2013 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.
Hydrostatic drive concept gives LinsiTrak flexibility and versatility.
The mechanical components of your drive system play a major role in overall system efficiency. Don't cut corners.
Seal design engineers and end users are continually seeking improved sealing systems and materials. This paper describes the potential of a new thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) material to deliver improvements in pressure, speed and temperature capability, which are presented as comparisons to proven industry standard materials. Performance is demonstrated by virtue of test bench results of seals made from MDI-, PPDI- and NDI-based materials.
Regardless of where you do business, when discussing, analyzing or worrying about âœThe Economyâ these days, youâ™re not thinking Main Street - youâ™re thinking global. With that stipulation, it is also accepted wisdom that quality products and sharp pencils are not enough to be and remain competitive. Accordingly, everyone is looking for an edge, an advantage, in order to beat back - or at least keep up with - the competition.
The development of a new, gas-carburized gear steel, necessitated by a customer-driven specification, has not only increased the power density in an existing gearbox design, but has done so without requiring any significant change to production processes or heat treatment equipment.
This paper is intended to enlarge the application range of radial cylindrical roller bearings by means of a more precise determination of thrust load capacity and more cost-effective design.
In looking for potential opportunities to reduce energy consumption via the drive system, a number of areas should be considered.
In the publishing business we thrive on new ideas. We employ creative people who are constantly coming up with new and better ways to serve our readers and website visitors.
The complete Product News section from the June 2012 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.
A core part of what we do here is making sure that our readers â“ the people who design, buy and use mechanical power transmission products â“ know where to find the suppliers of technology they need.
News Items About wind power
1 EU Wind Power Grows (February 11, 2013)
The EU wind energy sector installed 11.6 gigawatts (GW) of capacity in 2012, bringing the total wind power capacity to 105.6 GW, accordin...