Torque Limiting Couplings
Articles About Torque Limiting Couplings
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Q&A: My company manufactures high-speed metal forming machines. We have one application on a feed axis where we are encountering problems with the coupling...
The world of high horsepower drives often calls for mechanical design to be approached from different perspectives. As motors, gearboxes and machines increase in size, power density can become disproportionate from one driveline component to the next, emphasizing the need for more rugged, robust and compact equipment.
Bellows couplings first began to be widely used by machine tool builders in the mid-to-late 20th century. With the advent of CNC technology, machine engineers started looking to improve upon some of the negative influences traditional power transmission couplings can have on a precision rotary / linear motion system.
rotary-type blowers? Examples: for motor KW; RPM; temperature; pressure production; lifetime; etc. In other words, how do I choose between belts or couplings?
Specialist power transmission supplier JBJ Techniques Limited, of Redhill, Surrey, England were recently contacted by the staff of Bloodhound SSC R&D engineering team to solve a problem on the fuel pump test rig. JBJ Techniques had worked with various team members in the past and this previous experience made JBJ an easy choice to assist with this project. The scope of supply was to produce a suitable drive coupling with a maximum diameter of 160 mm, capable of transmitting 550 Nm @ 10,000 rpm, with as short an assembly as possible, and at the same time be able to accept misalignment within the drivetrain.
He was out. Nine years ago, Ross Rivard left the coupling industry for the shimmering new world of luxury automotive components at Lacks Enterprises, where he was immediately enveloped by platinum trim systems and chrome composite wheels. It was glitz and glam and as sparkly clean as the fresh-fromthe-dealership cars his products were embellished onto.
Involute splines are commonly used in gearboxes to connect gears and shafts, especially when high torque is transmitted through the coupling. The load is shared among multiple teeth around the coupling circumference, resulting in higher load capacity than a conventional single key. However, the total load is not equally shared among all spline teeth, mainly because of pitch deviations resulting from the manufacturing process. The load distribution along the spline engagement length is also nonuniform because of tooth misalignments and shaft torsional effects. This paper presents an investigation of the influence of spur gear loads on the load distribution of spline teeth.
It's a fact that drive systems wouldn't function properly or efficiently without couplings. They quietly go about their business of transferring motion from one drive element to the next. In the PT market today, couplings have the unique challenge of satisfying a variety of customer needs including tighter tolerances, higher speeds and a more versatile selection process.
News about industry products.
For the past 30 years or more, designers have paid due diligence to the electrical aspect of hazardous atmosphere equipment design, but have often ignored the mechanical side. In recent years, the mechanical aspects of ATEX design have increasingly come to light. Not only do electrical power transmission products, but also mechanical power transmission products need to comply with the ATEX directive.
The Role of Coupling Technology in Current Developments in Industry
Many refineries and chemical plants are built with large pieces of rotating equipment in an outdoor setting exposed to the elements. The author has been researching thermal growth issues for decades across North America.
This issue Engineering Showcase features some of the leading suppliers of couplings.
Couplings. There certainly is no shortage of couplings - or things to couple them with. There also seems to be no lack of applications for them. You say you need to reduce the transmission of shock loads from one shaft to another? That's a classic application for shaft couplings; but really, couplings are application-intensive. They're everywhere.
As the old adage goes, "There is more than one way to skin a cat." In the early stages of any project, system designers are faced with choices; whether they are designing a new application or retrofitting an old one, they need to determine what is the most efficient, economical and practical way of completing the task at hand. Though there are usually at least two viable means to accomplish the task, the first step is always to review and weigh the merits of each option.
In most cases, industrial power transmission calls for flexible rather than rigid couplings in order to forgive minor shaft misalignment. For that reason, this article will focus solely on the selection of flexible couplings.
Couplings and harsh environment use
I'm not able to get a good connection between the pulley and shaft in my drive assembly. Could you explain the various ways of connecting a pulley to a shaft to prevent the pulley from slipping?
Part I of this article appeared in the October 2008 issue. It provided an overview and general classifi cations of power transmission couplings, along with selection and performance criteria for rigid couplings and misalignment-compensating couplings. Part II continues the discussion with selection and performance criteria for torsionally flexible and combination-purpose couplings.
The use of motor structures which can concentrate magnetic flux allows ferrite PM motors to achieve performance and power densities that approach those of PM motors using rare earth magnets, but without the cost penalties and supply source concerns of rare earth magnets.
The complete Industry News section from the October 2012 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.
Norkol Converting Corporation is one of the nationâ™s leading independently owned converters and distributors of commercial printing papers. The company has full production capabilities and state-of-the-art machinery for winding, trimming and sheeting. The company utilizes traditional slitter re-wind equipment that unwinds, slits and then re-winds paper to new dimensions. These conventional re-winders, while typically producing new widths of paper with clean cuts, work at an inefficient, slow pace.
Novatorque energy efficient motors, Portescap smaller-size brushless DC motors, Pittman customized motors, Kollmorgen stainless steel motors, Crouzet expanded motor series, and a report from IHS on rare earth mineral supply.
Most manufacturers of shaft-mounted speed reducers offer torque arms for their products. However, in some situations, a machine designer may be required to design his own.
Permanent-magnet, synchronous-torque motors offer significant advantages on high-energy-consuming and high-dynamic applications.
The complete Product News section from the March 2014 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.
When talking about high-end machining or manufacturing applications that include direct-drive technology, one of the key advantages of utilizing this particular transmission method is its endurance. Because of the very nature of direct-drive motors they are able to operate at peak performance levels indefinitely â” without any kind of wear or aging â” as long as the motor isnâ™t pushed past its capacity. Unfortunately, because this isnâ™t a perfect world, unexpected things can happen which can cause the motor to overheat. Whether the heat source is due to a parameter being input incorrectly, or an unexpected external force causing more resistance than expected â” it is important to have certain forms of thermal protection in place. Since torque motors are built in such a way that they cannot be repaired and yet maintain their efficiency, it is vital to prevent any overheating â” thus precluding the need to purchase a new one.
Power transmission couplings are widely used for modifi cation of stiff ness and damping in power transmission systems, both in torsion and in other directions (misalignment compensation).
The issue might be a faulty treadmill at a local gym, the need to update orthopedic surgery equipment or simply a train stuck in neutral at the toy store. Whatever the case may be, viewing e-mails in the marketing department at Torque Transmission is like opening Christmas presents every morning.
A biographical sketch of John Oldham, inventor of the Oldham coupling.
In the process of applying industrial drive products, we occasionally are misled into believing that we are applying horsepower. The real driving force is not horsepower - it is torque. This paper is developed to impart a deeper understanding of torque, its relationship to horsepower, and the types of loads we most frequently encounter.
The complete Product News section from the February 2017 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.
In today's highly competitive world, the better someone understands the advantages and benefits of direct drive technology, then the more they will have an advantage in machine building, giving them an edge over their competition.
For many years bellows couplings have been near the top of the list of flexible coupling choices for high-performance motion systems. Their high torsional stiffness, low moment of inertia and minimal restoring forces under misalignment make them a preferred choice for maintaining tight control over the load.