Sprint Electrics DC Drives Regenerate Energy
Four quadrant regenerative DC drives offer an energy-efficient system using their ability to return the braking energy to the mains, thereby lowering demand from the incoming AC supply. According to the companys press release, if drives are operated on equal driving/braking cycles, the cost of running the drive is only the electrical losses in the motor and drive. Comparatively, an AC drive generally uses a braking resistor to control down ramps dissipating the energy as heat to the atmosphere.
The ability to control the rate of braking is also lost when using braking resistors. A four quadrant regenerative DC drive is fully controllable in both motoring and braking modes, and conserves the maximum amount of energy.
The DC drive package has an improved power conversion efficiency across a wider speed range. At the lower motor speeds, the DC drive package provides better power/torque conversion, typically from 10:1 to in excess of 100:1 speed ranges, eliminating the need to "oversize" the motor to achieve usable low-end torque.
A four quadrant DC drive is more energy efficient when dealing with torque at start and near zero speeds. The DC drive develops full rated torque at or near zero speed in exactly the same way as throughout the entire speed range. This is because the torque is generated by the linear interaction of the two magnetic fields of the armature winding and the field winding. The commutator ensures that the axes of these magnetic fields are constantly kept perpendicular to each other, thereby in the optimum torque producing position. Resulting torque is practically a linear function of the two DC armature and field currents.
The DC motor is usually of an open-frame through-vent construction, which allows ease of cooling. Conversely, the AC motor is normally of totally enclosed fan-cooled construction, which places a further burden on the cooling arrangements.
The four quadrant DC drive can also independently set the required current levels in each winding to meet a certain load requirement without the need for complicated algorithms since the interaction between the two is practically zero.
Sprint Electrics 340XRi, 680XRi and 1220XRi DC drives offer a solution to four quadrant regenerative drive applications. Using little panel space and mounting on standard DIN rail, these drives are designed for use with motors up to 1.8kW, 2Hp.