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PowerJacks Offer More Precise Movement with Spring Coil Limiter
January 8, 2007
The newest innovation from PowerJacks addresses an industrial machines needs to move a cover or lid onto a dead stop or sealing face. The movement must be precise with contact on all dead stops or over the complete sealing face.
A mechanical linear actuator or screw jack is frequently used for this type of application.
Conventionally, these are best suited to lowering applications as a simple elongated slot in an actuators ram or clevis end allows the cover to be lowered into position and mate under its own weight by driving the actuator until the lifting pins are midway in the clevis slot.
However, this method cannot be used to push a cover into position. Spooner Industries asked Power Jacks to solve this problem for one of their dryer hoods.
For this particular application, a screw jack was the optimum solution. To push the cover into position precisely, Power Jacks designed a special coil spring load limiter for the end of the jacks lifting screw. The load limiter consists of a helical coil wire spring with squared ends held in place between two mounting plates. One plate is a restraining plate and the other a moving plate that is bolted to the cover structure. The spring is preloaded between the two plates so that the spring will not compress under normal working load when the cover is not in contact its dead stops.
When the screw jack drives the cover against a dead stop, the spring compresses over a normal working distance of 10mm. Within this "10mm window" a limit switch is positioned to signal the machines control system to stop the screw jack as a positive stop position is reached. As the rate of compression of the spring is critical to the operation, each spring is designed for each applications specific requirements.
In addition, for the device to work correctly, the spring assembly could not be allowed to rotate in its fixture. The screw jack was therefore fitted with a keyed lifting screw to prevent rotation.
Two extra safety features were included on the screw jack to address safety concerns.
1. A rotation monitor to detect a jamming condition. This monitor consisted of a proximity sensor creating a train of pulses from a target ring that rotates with the gear wheel in the screw jack. The machines control system can then compare pulse rates to determine a moving or stopped condition.
2. A secondary holding device for the lifting screw was provided by fitting a safety nut in series with the worm gear. This safety nut is not normally in contact with the lifting screw threads and is only engaged in the unlikely event that the trapezoidal screw thread on the gear wheel fails.
To complete the unit for system installation, the screw jacks lifting screw was fitted with a bellows boot cover and a special flange mount Neeter Drive bevel gearbox was used to connect the drive system to the screw jack at right angles.
Since installation, the unit has worked successfully for Spooner Industries who have now used several variations and models of the design up to 100kN screw jack capacity rating.