Articles About gears

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1 Rating of Asymmetric Tooth Gears (April 2016)

Asymmetric tooth gears and their rating are not described by existing gear design standards. Presented is a rating approach for asymmetric tooth gears by their bending and contact stress levels, in comparison with symmetric tooth gears, whose rating are defined by standards. This approach applies finite element analysis (FEA) for bending stress definition and the Hertzian equation for contact stress definition. It defines equivalency factors for practical asymmetric tooth gear design and rating. This paper illustrates the rating of asymmetric tooth gears with numerical examples.

2 Precision Plastic Gears (Fall 2007)

Some gear geometries are more practical to produce than others. Since choices made early in the design process aff ect the ease and cost of fabrication, those who design gears would do well to consider molding and how molders operate, especially when they create precision gears.

3 Evolution of Worm Gear Standards and their Consequences on Load Capacity Calculation Approach (September 2014)

Beginning with a brief summary and update of the latest advances in the calculation methods for worm gears, the author then presents the detailed approach to worm gear geometry found in the revised ISO TR 10828. With that information, and by presenting examples, these new methods are explained, as are their possibilities for addressing the geometrical particularities of worm gears and their impact upon the behavior and load capacity of a gearset under working conditions based on ISO TR 14521 — Methods B and C. The author also highlights the new possibilities offered on that basis for the further evolution of load capacity calculation of a worm gearset based on load and contact pressure distribution.

4 Load Capacity and Efficiency of Grease-Lubricated Worm Gears (September 2014)

Varying installation requirements for worm gears, as, for example, when used in modular gear systems, can necessitate grease lubrication - especially when adequate sealing for oil lubrication would be too complex. Such worm gears are being increasingly used in outside applications such as solar power plants and slew drives. While knowledge about the operating conditions is often appropriate, the basic understanding for load capacity and efficiency under grease lubrication is quite poor. Investigations done at FZG and sponsored by FVA/AiF are shown here to give an impression of the basic factors of load capacity and efficiency. The results of the investigation indicate a satisfying quality of calculations on heat, load capacity and efficiency based on characteristic parameters of the base oil with only slight modifications to the methodology known from DIN 3996 or ISO TR 14521.

5 Gears and Gear Drives Product Focus (February 2013)

Our product focus includes the latest technology in gears and gear drives from the leading manufacturers.

6 Net-Forged Bevel and Transmission Gears (August 2014)

What are the applications for net-forged gears. Are they used outside automotive differentials?

7 Product Focus: Gears and Gear Drives (February 2011)

In this special news section, the editors of Power Transmission Engineering have gathered the latest product news and information from the gears and gear drives sector.

8 3-D Printing and Plastic Gears (March 2015)

Regarding 3-D printing of gears and machine tools, etc. — does plastic gearing have a future in 3-D printing/additive manufacturing?

9 Powder Metal Gear Technology: A Review of the State of the Art (March 2016)

During the past 10 years, the PM industry has put a lot of focus on how to make powder metal gears for automotive transmissions a reality. To reach this goal, several hurdles had to be overcome, such as fatigue data generation on gears, verification of calculation methods, production technology, materials development, heat treatment recipes, design development, and cost studies. All of these advancements will be discussed, and a number of vehicles with powder metal gears in their transmissions will be presented. How the transmissions have been redesigned in order to achieve the required stress levels while minimizing weight and inertia, thus increasing efficiency, will also be discussed.

10 Gear Lubrication: Long-Term Protection for Wind Turbines (April 2014)

The chemical and physical properties of gear oils may change, depending - more or less - upon their formulation and the environmental conditions under which they are used. This is why - after three years of use in a wind turbine - a gear oil was examined to determine if indeed changes were evident and if the protection of the gears and rolling bearings still met the same requirements as would be expected of fresh oil. Our findings revealed that the existing gear oil - as well as its ability to protect the gears and rolling bearings - had degraded very little compared to fresh oil.

11 Gear Wear Calculation and Prediction (February 2015)

Wear is a very important topic for dry running plastic gears. Over the past few years, the authors have worked closely with a number of manufacturers of plastic gears to investigate the problems of gear wear in detail. Together they have developed a calculation method that can be used to predict where and when local wear will occur on a tooth flank. Their findings have also just been published in the final version of VDI 2736.

12 Effects of Contact Ratios on Mesh Stiffness of Helical Gears for Lower Noise Design (August 2015)

In this paper, the influences of various gear parameters on the mesh stiffness are systematically investigated by using the finite element method. The comprehensive analysis shows that contact ratios are the key factors affecting the fluctuation value of mesh stiffness.

13 Gears for Hydraulic Pumps: Development and Results (March 2014)

After a brief introduction to the importance of gear pumps in internal combustion engines, as well as in the most diverse hydraulic applications, a calculation method was applied that allows for sizing with considerably higher delivery rates. Upon identifying and analyzing a traditional pump, along with two construction solutions of asymmetric gear pumps, we then compared their related performances.

14 The Applications of Bevel Gears (December 2014)

EDITORS’ NOTE: “The Applications of Bevel Gears” is the excerpted third chapter of Dr. Hermann Stadtfeld’s latest book — Gleason Bevel Gear Technology (The Gleason Works, Rochester, New York, USA; All rights reserved. 2014; ISBN 978-0-615-96492-8.), which appears here unabridged through the kind graces of Dr. Stadtfeld and Gleason Corp. Future installments will appear exclusively in Power Transmission Engineering and Gear Technology magazine over the next 12 to 18 months.

15 Electric Vehicles Need Quieter Gears (October 2014)

For Mark Findlay of UK specialist driveline consultancy Drive System Design, reducing gear noise to suit the low noise levels in an electric vehicle cabin has meant throwing away the rule book.

16 Gear Expo 2015: Gears Galore! (September 2015)

You may well have already read the following Gear Expo description on the AGMA Website.

17 Up in the Air - Aerospace Gears (April 2013)

Volatile aerospace market keeps gear manufacturers guessing.

18 Gears for Industry, Gears for Defense, Gears for Almost Anything at Gear Expo 2011 (October 2011)

What would Gear Expo be without gear manufacturers? While it is useful and indeed necessary to keep abreast of the new machinery out there that will be front-and-center at the show, it is of equal import to check out the finished product - GEARS.

19 The Latest Design Technologies For Gear Devices with Great Transmission Ratios (December 2014)

Four types of gear devices with great transmission ratios (simply called great ratio gears or GRGs) are discussed in this paper. They are strain wave gearing devices (SWGs), trochoidal gear reducers (TGRs), hypocyclic gear reducers (HGRs) and James Ferguson-type planetary drives (JFDs). The structures, advantages and basic performances of these four devices are compared. The latest design and strength analysis methods are also introduced. To conclude, the future tendencies of GRGs are predicted.

20 Gear Design Effects on Performance of High-Speed Helical Geartrains as Used in Aerospace Drive Systems (March 2016)

The performance of high-speed helical geartrains is of particular importance for tiltrotor aircraft drive systems. These drive systems are used to provide speed reduction/torque multiplication from the gas turbine output shaft and provide the necessary offset between these parallel shafts in the aircraft. Four different design configurations have been tested in the NASA Glenn Research Center, High-Speed Helical Geartrain Test Facility. The design configurations included the current aircraft design, current design with isotropic superfinished gear surfaces, double-helical design (inward and outward pumping), increased pitch (finer teeth), and an increased helix angle. All designs were tested at multiple input shaft speeds (up to 15,000 rpm) and applied power (up to 5,000 hp). Also two lubrication, system-related, variables were tested: oil inlet temperature (160–250° F) and lubricating jet pressure (60–80 psig). Experimental data recorded from these tests included power loss of the helical system under study, the temperature increase of the lubricant from inlet to outlet of the drive system and fling-off temperatures (radially and axially). Also, all gear systems were tested with and without shrouds around the gears.

21 Homogeneous Geometry Calculation of Arbitrary Tooth Shapes: Mathematical Approach and Practical Applications (February 2016)

This paper provides a mathematical framework and its implementation for calculating the tooth geometry of arbitrary gear types, based on the basic law of gear kinematics. The rack or gear geometry can be generated in two different ways: by calculating the conjugate geometry and the line of contact of a gear to the given geometric shape of a known geometry (e.g., a cutting hob), or by prescribing the surface of action of two gears in contact and calculating the correspondent flank shapes.

22 Industry News (December 2016)

News from around the industry.

23 Mold Machining Center Maintains Accuracy (June 2008)

Entrust enlists Advanced Machine & Engineering for 7-axis, 2-spindle performance.

24 A Case for Large-Scale Manufacturing (October 2011)

Big components aim to revive the North American industrial market.

25 Calculation of the Efficiency of Worm Gear Drives (June 2015)

This paper presents a physically grounded calculation method to determine the efficiency of worm gear drives. This computation is based on the Institute of Machine Elements, Gears, and Transmissions (MEGT) tribological simulation, which can determine the local tooth friction coefficients (Ref. 1). With this knowledge other power losses such as the bearings, oil churnings and seals power losses can also be calculated.

26 Dont Tap the Glass (June 2015)

Behind a thick sheet of unblemished glass that stretches from wall-to-wall, ceilingto- floor at Delta Gear, just south of a shop lined with ultramodern grinding machines whirring away, is Scott Sakuta’s aquarium.

27 How to Spec a Mill Gear (February 2014)

This paper outlines the design considerations that go into construction of a drive system in order to explain the importance of specific data, why it is required, and where design freedom is necessary. Apart from loads and speeds, interface dimensions and site specific conditions are also needed. Deciding up front which gear rating practice to select can affect the torque capacity of the drive train by ~15%.

28 Total System Efficiency (February 2010)

Much of the industrial energy being consumed by systems is wasted through inefficiency. For this article, a system will be defined as the following components working together: electrical input power, variable frequency drives, induction motors, gearboxes and transmission elements (chains, belts, etc.).

29 Engineering Showcase 2016 (March 2016)

One of our goals at Power Transmission Engineering is to help you understand, identify and select the best technology for your mechanical power transmission or motion control applications. With every project, you have to decide which components to use, and which suppliers, based on functionality, quality and price. We aim to help you make those decisions informed by providing the latest information on current technology, especially when it comes to mechanical components.

30 Development of an Actuator for Ambient to Cryo Application (December 2010)

During the qualification campaign of the NIRSpec (near-infrared spectrometer) instrument mechanism, the actuator could not achieve the expected lifetime that had been extended during the development phase. The initial design could not be adapted to the requested number of revolutions during that phase. Consequently the actuator needed to be modified so that the function of the mechanism would not be endangered or, by extension, the overall function of the NIRSpec instrument. The modification included a change of the overall actuator design—internal dimensions, tolerances, materials, lubrication and assembly process—while keeping the interface to the mechanism, mass and function.

31 Product News (April 2015)

Latest Products

32 Is Splash Lubrication Compatible with Efficient Gear Units for High-Speed Applications (October 2015)

A thermo-mechanical model of a splash lubricated one-stage gear unit is presented. This system corresponds to a first step towards the design of a hybrid vehicle gearbox that can operate up to 40,000 rpm on its primary shaft. The numerical model is based on the thermal network method and takes into account power losses due to teeth friction, rolling-elements bearings and oil churning. Some calculations underline that oil churning causes a high amount of power loss. A simple method to reduce this source of power losses is presented, and its influence on the gear unit efficiency and its thermal capacity is computed.

33 Considerations for Gearmaking in Wind Turbine Applications (June 2010)

A Q&A with N.K. Chinnusamy, president of Excel Gear of Roscoe, IL.

34 Worm Gear Cutting (August 2016)

I have a fairly straightforward question about a worm gear segment. But as of yet, I haven’t gotten a straight answer from any of the gear job shops I’ve approached about this job. Is there a "traditional" gear cutting method that can produce a ~180 degree enveloping worm gear segment when a feature on the back of the part will interfere with a complete rotation of the part? Or am I left with only the option of 4- or 5-axis surfacing with a CNC mill? I have presented this part to several well-known gear shops in the U.S. without a straight answer on how the part can be made. Any help you could offer would be appreciated.

35 Wall to Wall Technology (August 2014)

With the addition of Industrial Automation North America (IANA) as well as Motion, Drive & Automation North America(MDA NA), IMTS 2014 has greatly expanded its range of manufacturing technology services. These co-located shows complement the metalworking solutions found at IMTS by bringing in key suppliers from around the world.

36 Gear Design Software, Engineer Beware (February 2014)

When software goes bad, what do we call it? System failure? Human failure? A virus? A number of words will work. How about this? Glitch. It has that onomatopoeic quality that fairly screams, Downtime! And with good reason -- software-generated miscalculations can have very expensive -- if not perilous -- repercussions.

37 Working in AutoCAD (April 2014)

How does one draw and mesh involute gear teeth in AutoCAD?

38 Specifying a Gear - Ask the Expert (February 2014)

A reader asks what are the required parameters to properly specify a gear.

39 How to Get the Most Realistic Efficiency Calculation for Gearboxes (April 2015)

In recent years the estimation of gearbox power loss is attracting more interest — especially in the wind turbine and automotive gearbox industry — but also in industrial gearboxes where heat dissipation is a consideration as well. As new transmissions concepts are being researched to meet both ecological and commercial demands, a quick and reliable estimation of overall efficiency becomes inevitable in designing the optimal gearbox.

40 Industry News (December 2013)

The complete Industry News section from the December 2013 issue of Power Transmission Engineering.

41 Testing of Alternative Spiral Bevel and Hypoid Gear Theory (August 2014)

Following is a presentation of a gear design based upon a theoretically perfect gear technology, for which an overview is offered for consideration. What follows is a report on the design's testing and subsequent manufacture of a hypoid gear pair for a 1999 Ford Mustang.

42 There Is a Great Future in Plastics (April 2015)

The first thing you see when you walk into Winzeler Gear is a pretty face. No, scratch that — the face is beautiful. Streamlined with chiseled cheek bones, delicate yet bold and strong, a half dozen photos of the feminine face line the building’s entranceway, enclosed tastefully in simple black picture frames, beckoning you to come further in with its pleasant warmth, repelling you to turn and leave with its foreign presence in such a location.

43 Diametral Pitch Calculation (April 2015)

Circular pitch gives me the size of the teeth in my mind, but diametral pitch does not. What is the purpose of the diametral pitch concept? Does it merely avoid pi in calculation?

44 Crowning Spur Teeth - Ask the Expert - December 2013 PTE (December 2013)

When designing spur teeth, is there a formula/guideline/design guide for determining the amount of crowning?

45 The 5 Golden Rules of Gear Buying (February 2015)

Let’s be clear about something up front here: Delta Gear does not make parts for lawnmowers. This is a fairly flippant point that falls under the timeless, clichéd designation of “goes without saying.” Yet, not all that long ago,Tony Werschky had to say it.

46 Applying Open Gear Lubricants (February 2012)

When selecting an open gear lubricant for use in a particular application, the method of application used must be considered.

47 How to Design a Spur-Crown Gear Set (October 2013)

When designing a spur-crown pair, is there a formula, guideline or design guide for adapting the spur teeth for the radial angle of the teeth in the crown?

48 Mutiple Gearset-Type Calculation Software (September 2015)

Is there a gear software package out there that will calculate the design of spur, helical, worm, and planetary gearsets? Also, we would like a program that calculates stresses and material selection. Finally, we would like to have the program calculate bearings loads, too. Thank you for your help.

49 Mathematical Modeling for the Design of Spiroid, Helical, Spiral Bevel and Worm Gears (April 2015)

Spiroid and worm gears have superior advantages for hightorque and miniaturization applications. And for this reason they are particularly preferred in aerospace, robotic and medical applications. They are typically manufactured by hobbing technology, a process with a typical overall lead time of 4 to 14 weeks.

50 Frictionless, Magnetic Gears and Couplings Gain Traction (February 2010)

The Magnetic Gearing and Turbine Corp. (MGT), founded by Australian inventor Andrew French in 2000, manufactures injection molded gears and couplings based entirely on magnetic technology. The repulsive magnetic forces are used to transmit power without losing any energy, and drive shafts rotate completely independently of each other.

51 Determining Diametral Pitch, Center Distance (October 2016)

I need help determining the diametral pitch needed to achieve the closest center-to-center distance for 2 spur gears. The 1st gear is a 34-tooth and the 2nd gear is a 28-tooth. The center-to-center distance between the gears needs to be as close to 2 1⁄8" as possible.

52 Low-Efficiency Motors and Gears Still Prevalent (October 2014)

Electric motor-driven systems are the single largest enduser of electricity, accounting for over 40% of global consumption according to the International Energy Agency.

53 Clutches: Declassified (March 2016)

In the world of PT components, the clutch gets absolutely no recognition whatsoever. There are entire magazines dedicated to gears, bearings and motors, but clutches get very little press outside of the automotive industry.

54 Engineering Smart (February 2016)

Our theme for 2016 is “Engineering Smart.” Our goal as a publication is to help you engineer better systems, taking advantage of the latest in technology to create mechanical systems that last longer, save energy, cost less and increase performance. The way we do that is by bringing you the best information possible on the design and engineering of gears, gear drives, bearings, motors, couplings and related power transmission components and systems.

55 Preventing Roller Bearing Failure (December 2015)

I’m building a custom gearbox with 7075 T-6 spur gears, and I’m concerned that aluminum flakes will enter the races on the roller bearings (SKF 2307) and cause premature failure. So my question is — should I place an oil seal on the shaft first to protect the bearing — or is this an unfounded concern and I should mount the seal in the typical manner outside the bearing? Or both? Or go with a sealed bearing? I’m confused and could use your expertise, please.

56 Top 5 Reasons To Go to Gear Expo (September 2015)

Gear Expo 2015 takes place October 20–22 in Detroit. If you haven’t already made plans to attend the show, you might be might be missing out on a great chance to learn more about gears, find new potential suppliers and network with your peers.

57 He Shoots, He Scores! (April 2016)

There’s nothing quite as satisfying as scoring a goal. Here at Power Transmission Engineering, our goal is to provide you with as much relevant educational and technical material as possible, and every issue we strive to cover the subjects of power transmission and motion control from as many different angles as possible, so that no matter your job title, and no matter your industry, if gears, bearings, motors and related components are important to you, we’ve got you covered.

58 High Gear Ratio Epicyclic Drives (June 2016)

Referencing a June 2014 Article, “High Gear Ratio Epicyclic Drives Analysis,” by Dr. Alex Kapelevich: I have designed a small compound epicyclic gearbox with common planets. Sun = 10 teeth Planet = 14 teeth Ring Gear stationary = 38 teeth Ring gear output = 41 teeth profile shifted onto a 38 tooth pitch diameter. Carriers are simply cages for the planet alignment and location. According to your article, and according to my calculations and the prototype I have built, my inputto- output ratio is a reduction of 65.6:1. I am using a ~ VG1 viscosity grease and Nylatron materials for the gears and carriers.

59 2016 PTE Buyers Guide (December 2016)

A comprehensive directory of suppliers of gears, bearings, motors, couplings and other mechanical power transmission and motion control components.

60 Motors and Motion Meet in St. Louis (December 2014)

The motors might be small, but the big-brain technology driving these electrical wonders was on full display at the 2014 Small Motor & Motion Association Fall Technical Conference, convened November 4-6 in St. Louis, MO. SMMA, the manufacturing trade association (120 members strong) that tends to the best interests of the electric motor and motion control industries — including manufacturers, suppliers, users, consultants and universities — played gracious host to a wide array of presenters from an equally diverse range of sources — from academia to the federal government. Like gears, motors are most everywhere, as evidenced by SMMA’s membership (consumer-, public interest-, national defense- and commercial-oriented) demographic which includes: appliance; transportation; medical equipment; office automation and computers; aerospace; and industrial automation. The association’s mission: To “serve as the principal voice of the electric motors and drives industry” and to provide a forum to “develop, collect and disseminate technical and management knowledge.”

61 An Open-And-Shut Case: Greases for Gear Applications (September 2016)

For the lubrication of open gear drives used in different industrial applications such as cement and coal mills, rotary furnaces, or where the sealing conditions are difficult, semi-fluid greases are often used in preference to fluid oils. For girth gear applications the greases are used with a splash or spray lubrication system. The selection of such greases influences pitting lifetime and the load-carrying capacity of the gears, as well as wear behavior

62 Alternative to Ni-Bearing Carburizing Steels (June 2016)

Standard carburizing steel 18CrNiMo7-6 is often used when high hardenability is required, but due to its highly fluctuating price, there has always been an incentive to develop Ni-free steel grades. The 23MnCrMo5-5-2 — or Jomasco 23mod — has been developed for this purpose. But to ensure smooth substitution within existing production lines, a number of points must be addressed: first, checking the response to carburizing treatments; and second, having similar mechanical properties with identical tooth root bending performance on gears. The latter is the purpose of this paper.

63 It Doesn’t End Here (December 2016)

This issue, we’re pleased to present our annual Buyers Guide. It’s our comprehensive directory of suppliers of mechanical components, including gears, bearings, motors, couplings, clutches, brakes, gear drives and more. This directory represents our best effort to give you updated information about the companies who can provide you with the components you need to design, build and maintain better machinery.

64 Intermetallic Nickel-Titanium Alloys for Oil-Lubricated Bearing Applications (August 2009)

Nitinol 60 (60NiTi), an intermetallic nickel-titanium alloy containing 60 wt % nickel and 40 wt % titanium, is shown to be a promising material for oil-lubricated, rolling and sliding contact applications such as bearings and gears.

65 Gearbox Bearing Service Life: A Matter of Mastering Many Design Parameters (April 2012)

The availability of high-strength shaft materials, in combination with bearings with high carrying capacity, allows use of slimmer shafts. However, the modulus of elasticity remains the same, so seat design for bearings and gears must be given close attention.

66 Motion, Drive and Automation at Hannover Messe 2013 (February 2013)

Power transmission and motion control companies will be on-hand during Hannover Messe 2013 to display the latest technology offerings in key product categories including roller bearings, gears, pumps, motors, transmissions, drive system components, clutches and braking systems.

67 Run Like the Wind - Windpower Conference Heads to Chicago (April 2009)

Wind is the talk of the town. It has become especially relevant to the power transmission community where bearings, gears, couplings, motors and gearboxes are providing the equipment for this thriving alternative energy industry. It comes as no surprise that the Windpower 2009 Conference and Exhibition, arriving in Chicago from May 4–7, will be the largest gathering of wind energy professionals and technologies to date.

68 Rolling-Element Bearing Analysis (June 2013)

This article describes how more sophisticated modeling techniques allow the latest software to identify design issues with bearings, shafts, gears and complicated multi-body systems.

69 Gear Expo - Gear Buyers Bonanza (August 2013)

If you’re reading this magazine, there's a good chance you're somehow involved in the design, specification or purchase of gears or geared products. As such, I urge you to make plans now to attend Gear Expo in Indianapolis, September 17-19

70 Preventing Fretting Fatigue in Blade Dovetail Roots by Modifying Geometry of Contact Surfaces (August 2013)

Dovetails, gears and splines have been widely used in aero engines where fretting is an important failure mode due to loading variation and vibration during extended service. Failure caused by fretting fatigue becomes a prominent issue when service time continues beyond 4,000 hours. In some cases, microslip at the edge of a contact zone can reduce the life by as much as 40–60 percent.

71 Seeking Suppliers (October 2013)

Last month's Gear Expo in Indianapolis provided a great opportunity to meet potential suppliers of mechanical power transmission components -- mostly gears and gear drives, of course, but also a smattering of suppliers of bearings and motors as well.

72 Gonzo Gear Design (April 2014)

Artist Tom Longtin adds completely non-circular planetary gears to his unique portfolio.

73 Best Practices for Gearbox Assembly and Disassembly (March 2014)

In most applications, gearbox reliability is critical to the productivity of the overall plant operation. So it follows that when industry is looking at the best ways to increase efficiency, reduce downtime, and increase profitability, gearbox performance and reliability are key factors. Designing for repair, and writing effective repair procedures, can speed the service time, and provide a quality refurbishment. The best practices listed in this article are proven, effective methods used to install and remove bearings, seals, gears, couplings and shafts within a gearbox.

74 Engineering Showcase 2014 (March 2014)

We are pleased to present our first annual Engineering Showcase, a celebration of some of the leading products and companies in mechanical power transmission. In the pages that follow, you’ll find examples of engineering excellence and technological know-how in the field of gears, drives, couplings, machine parts and other mechanical components.

75 Influence of Gear Loads on Spline Couplings (February 2014)

Involute splines are commonly used in gearboxes to connect gears and shafts, especially when high torque is transmitted through the coupling. The load is shared among multiple teeth around the coupling circumference, resulting in higher load capacity than a conventional single key. However, the total load is not equally shared among all spline teeth, mainly because of pitch deviations resulting from the manufacturing process. The load distribution along the spline engagement length is also nonuniform because of tooth misalignments and shaft torsional effects. This paper presents an investigation of the influence of spur gear loads on the load distribution of spline teeth.

76 Finite Element Evaluation of Bearing Instrumentation Method (December 2014)

This paper presents an evaluation of measurements being taken on a 750 kW wind turbine gearbox being tested by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). High-speed stage gears and bearings have been identified as critical components of the gearbox; during gearbox testing, these components were instrumented and tests were developed to evaluate loads on high-speed tapered roller bearings (TRBs). In this paper an advanced finite element-based contact modeling procedure has been applied to model the high-speed stage with the bearings fully modeled in order to evaluate strain levels. A major conclusion is that the strains of the slotted grooves are at such a level that they have acceptable signal-to-noise levels. This was verified by the results of the initial experiments presented here.

News Items About gears

1 Worm and Spur Gears, English and Metric (May 30, 2007)
SDP/SI is an ISO 9001 manufacturer of over 13,627 spur gears, plastic gears, helical gears, bevel gears, worm gears, precision gears, int...

2 KISSsoft Adds Beveloid Gears Module (October 28, 2014)
Beveloid gears have their own new module in the KISSsoft system (module ZH1). Sizing and dimensioning of beveloid gears have been impleme...

3 Samputensili Master Gears Personalized to Customer or DIN Specifications (April 12, 2006)
Samputensili has introduced a range of master gears to determine work gear accuracy and setting masters to adjust checking equipment. ...

4 GE Oil and Gas to Acquire Allen Gears (December 12, 2013)
Expanding its presence in the industrial gears sector, GE Oil & Gas, recently announced it has signed an agreement to acquire Allen G...

5 Sterling Instruments New Precision Internal Gears Selectable by Inches or Millimeters (April 30, 2006)
New precision internal gears from Sterling Instrument are available from stock in inch and metric sizes. The 20? pressure angle inch ...

6 KISSsoft Determines Misalignment of Bevel Gears in Latest Update (October 18, 2016)
The relative position of the pinion and the ring gear is critical in determining the wear patterns of bevel gears. To determine the bevel...

7 Sterling Instrument’s Anti-Backlash Gears Eliminate Marred Shafts (March 10, 2006)
A new series of 1158 anti-backlash gears manufactured by Sterling Instruments feature the Fairloc integral hub fastening system, which el...

8 mG miniGears Installs Furnace Loading System (June 25, 2007)
mG miniGears installed a furnace loading system in its powder metal department to avoid defects, especially for gears where small damage of the...

9 Gleason Renames its Plastic Gears Division (June 30, 2015)
Gleason Corporation recently announced a new name for its plastic gears division: Gleason Plastic Gears. The division was formerly k...

10 B&R Adds Planetary Gears to Motor Line (November 5, 2010)
B&R Industrial Automation recently announced the addition of precision planetary gears to its line of synchronous and stepper motors....

11 Precipart to Exhibit Gears at MD&M West (December 16, 2013)
Precipart, a global supplier of custom mechanical components, gears and motion control assemblies, will be exhibiting at MD&M West, F...

12 mG miniGears Named One of Europe’s Fastest Growing Companies (April 15, 2006)
mG miniGears SpA of Padua announced that it has been listed No. 272 among the fastest growing European companies included in the 2006 Eur...

13 mG miniGears Acquires New Furnace (March 9, 2005)
mG miniGears acquired a high temperatures furnace that can perform at 1,300 degrees C sintering temperature. According to the company&...

14 Flowserve Introduces New Models to PT Series Worm Gears (April 13, 2005)
Flowserve Corp., a provider of fluid motion and control products and services, added two new sizes to the Flowserve Limitorque PT series ...

15 Moventas Receives Order for Mass Deliveries of Wind Turbine Gears to Acciona (January 14, 2006)
Moventas signed a supply agreement for substantial deliveries of wind turbine gearbo...

16 Bison Gears Adds Custom AC Motors (March 15, 2006)
Bison Gear and Engineering plans to begin manufacturing their own line of AC motors in their St. Charles, IL, facility beginning in April...

17 Helical Gears & Ground Helical Gears, Helical Gear (July 10, 2007)
QTC offers all types of Helical Gears and Ground Helical Gears. Quality Transmission Co. offers over 230 standard Helical Gear options fo...

18 Ronson Gears Recognized with Enterprise Award (May 17, 2013)
Victorian gear manufacturer Ronson Gears was recently announced winner of the “Enterprise Connect Significant Achievement Award&rdq...

19 Santasalo Launches Quatro+ Planetary Gears (May 18, 2015)
Santasalo recently introduced their new series of planetary gear units to the global industrial market. The new Quatro+ range offers high...

20 EFD Induction Awarded Orders for Induction Scanners to Harden Sun Gears and Output Shafts (May 26, 2015)
EFD Induction USA has recently won major orders from two American tier-one automotive suppliers.The orders involve EFD Induction ‘H...

21 KISSsoft Offers Strength Analysis for Cylindrical Gears (March 24, 2016)
The strength calculation method specified in Lloyd's Register:2013 has now been implemented. This specific standard for ships is now ...

22 GWJ Technology Offers New Calculation Modules for Cylindrical Gears (June 22, 2016)
GWJ Technology GmbH, a manufacturer of calculation software for machine elements and gearboxes, has upgraded its web-based calculation so...

23 AKGears Unveils Latest Tooth Root Fillet Optimization Software (April 14, 2015)
AKGears recently introduced the only commercially available tooth root fillet optimization software that defines the tooth root fillet pr...

24 Arrow Gear Becomes Distributor for SAMP Gears (December 9, 2014)
Arrow Gear has signed an exclusive agreement with SAMP of Bologna, Italy to market and sell their gear products in North America. Arrow G...

25 Renold Gears Assists Tire Manufacturer with Gearbox (February 7, 2008)
Mitas, one of the largest tire manufacturers in the Czech Republic, recently commented on the use of Renold gearboxes for their calendar ...

26 New Redex Gears Offer Increased Versatility (November 10, 2014)
Versatility is the key issue for manufacturers of multi-axis milling machines and vertical turning lathes. The same machine must be able ...

27 Quality Transmission Components Rebranded as QTC Metric Gears (November 10, 2014)
Designatronics, Inc., a provider of complete mechatronic engineered solutions and services to the aerospace and defense, robotics, pac...

28 Spur Gears, Metric Gears, Gears with Internal Shafts (July 12, 2007)
These 20 degree Pressure Angle pinion shafts are made of S45C (AISI 1045) steel and feature induction hardened and ground teeth which are...